-Are you interested in learning more about current psychology research?
-Do you like to hang out with psychology majors?
-Do you want to get better at understanding psychology journal articles?
Then come join us at the Monthly Psychology Club Journal Club!
Each month, the students of the Psychology Club will select a short (< 7 page) journal article from Psychological Science, we'll read it and discuss it at our next Journal Club meeting.
Next Meeting: Tuesday, March 11, 4:00pm
Centenary Square 210
On Feeding Those Hungry for Praise: Person Praise Backfires in Children With Low Self-Esteem
Eddie Brummelman, Sander Thomaes, Geertjan Overbeek, Bram Orobio de Castro, Marcel A. van den Hout, and Brad J. Bushman
Child-rearing experts have long believed that praise is an effective means to help children with low self-esteem feel better about themselves. But should one praise these children for who they are, or for how they behave? Study 1 (N=5,357) showed that adults are inclined to give children with low self-esteem more person praise (i.e., praise for personal qualities) but less process praise (i.e., praise for behavior) than they give children with high self-esteem. This inclination may backfire, however. Study 2 (N=5,313; Mean age=10.4 years) showed that person praise, but not process praise, predisposes children, especially those with low self-esteem, to feel ashamed following failure. Consistent with attribution theory, person praise seems to make children attribute failure to the self. Together, these findings suggest that adults, by giving person praise, may foster in children with low self-esteem the very emotional vulnerability they are trying to prevent.
If you have questions, please email email in the Psychology Department.
Wondering what we've read previously? Look here.