What is Title IX?
Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 is a Federal civil rights law that prohibits sex discrimination at educational institutions that receive federal funding. While Title IX is most often associated with gender-based discrimination in athletics, the law is much broader. Title IX prohibits gender discrimination in all college programs and activities, including, but not limited to, admission, recruiting, financial aid, academic advising and programs, housing, athletics, student services, recreational services, residential life programs, health information, counseling services, registration, classroom assignments, grading and discipline. Sexual harassment and sexual violence are forms of sex discrimination prohibited by Title IX. This can take many forms including:
- Verbal or written harassment
- Sexual assault, including rape and other unwanted sexual touching
- Stalking (when done on the basis of sex)
- Dating or domestic violence
Schools are legally required to respond to and remedy hostile educational environments.